Salina Ahmed Headshot
PhD Title
Developing and piloting asthma self-management interventions for South Asians
Funded by
Asthma UK
Supervisors
Prof Steph Taylor, Dr Liz Steed/Prof Hilary Pinnock (QMUL/Edinburgh)
Based at
Queen Mary University of London

Developing and piloting asthma self-management interventions for South Asians

UK born South Asians have distinct asthma experiences compared to other ethnicities including poorer asthma outcomes, higher hospital admissions, risk of rehospitalisation and higher death rates. One important approach in addressing this inequality is to identify and implement culturally relevant and effective asthma self-management interventions, which is explicitly recommended in asthma clinical guidelines. Yet, implementation of self-management in routine clinical care is typically poor.

Using the East London South Asian population as an exemplar, the project aims to explore how culturally relevant asthma self-management interventions need to be tailored, developed and tested for the South Asian population. The project compromises of 4 stages as detailed below:

  1. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials which examines the barriers and facilitators in asthma self-management behaviour and identifies the essential components of asthma self-management interventions in the South Asian and Black population.
  2. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with patients and healthcare professionals examining the role of culture (i.e. intergroup subcultural heterogeneity, acculturation and cultural hybridity) on asthma self-management behaviour.

Whilst the following is the proposed outline for study 3 and 4, as the project progresses these will be refined through various stages of research:

  1. Based on study 1 and 2, the third stage of the project is the co-development (design and refinement) of a culturally relevant asthma self-management intervention with a working group of South Asian patients and relevant healthcare professionals.
  2. A small feasibility study of the intervention in either healthcare services or community organisations.

A specified output will be a culturally tailored asthma intervention for the South Asian community. More widely research will inform the generic process of developing culturally relevant interventions for other chronic illness and healthcare services.

About me

Alongside my PhD, I am a Trainee Health Psychologist with the British Psychological Society which will lead to becoming a Chartered Health Psychologist.

My research interests include health psychology, culture and health, complementary/alternative medicines, health-seeking behaviours, health promotions, community outreach, self-management of chronic illnesses, criminology/crimes of the powerful and mixed methods research.

Research activity (conferences, congress, annual scientific meeting)

  1. Poster: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. Developing & Piloting Asthma Self-Management Interventions for South Asians. Presented at the First Annual Scientific Meeting of Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research (Oxford, November 2014).
  2. Poster: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. A Systematic Review of the Explanatory Factors Enhancing the Adoption of Asthma Self-Management Behaviour in the South Asian and Black Population. Presented at Primary Care Respiratory Society UK Conference (Northampton, October 2015).
  3. Poster: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. A Systematic Review of the Explanatory Factors Enhancing the Adoption of Asthma Self-Management Behaviour in the South Asian and Black Population. Presented at Queen Mary University of London Blizard Institute Graduate Studies Day (London, April 2016).
  4. Oral presentation: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. A Systematic Review on the Explanatory Factors in the Adoption of Asthma Self-Management Behaviour in the South Asian & Black Population. Presented at Asthma UK Centre for Applied Research Annual Scientific Meeting (Manchester, November 2016).
  5. Oral presentation: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. A Systematic Review on the Explanatory Factors in the Adoption of Asthma Self-Management Behaviour in the South Asian & Black Population. International Primary Care & Respiratory Society Conference (Amsterdam, May 2016).
  6. Poster: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. A Systematic Review of the Explanatory Factors Enhancing the Adoption of Asthma Self-Management Behaviour in the South Asian and Black Population. Presented at The European Respiratory Society International Congress (London, September 2016).
  7. Poster: Ahmed S, Taylor SJC, Pinnock P & Steed L. Building a Theoretical Basis for Exploring the Role of South Asian Culture on Asthma Self-Management Behaviour. Presented at The Primary Care and Respiratory Society UK (Telford, October 2016).

Acknowledgements

Funded by Asthma UK

© 2015 AUKCAR